Europe Agreements with Poland & Hungary
Brief description of main elements
Europe Agreements include matters of both Community and Member State competence. They are concluded for unlimited periods with transition periods of ten years. The main elements are:
discuss, including at highest political level, all subjects of common interest including i.a. :
•developments in the territory of each of the parties (progress with political and economic reforms …)
•European issues (CSCE …)
•international issues (UN-GA …)
The political dialogue has already started with all countries with Europe Agreement as a group. Meetings take place at level of ministers, of political directors, and for some selected subjects also at working group level.
2.Trade in goods
-Free trade for industrial goods. But for a few exceptions (incl. textiles) the EU will have abolished all its remaining tariffs at the end of this year.
-Trade in agricultural products:
•consolidation of GSP advantages
•some further EU concessions
•further reciprocal concessions (reduced tariffs/levies within the limits of given quantities - “tariff quotas”).
•separate sectoral agreements on trade in sheep and goat meat, and on wine (sigend Nov. 93)
•separate fisheries agreement to be negotiated.
P & H have more time to liberate their market (until at the latest the end of the transition period) i.e. “asymmetry”.
3.Trade in services
Progressive liberalisation of supply of services accross the border to nationals and companies of the other party. Specific provisions for transport services.
4.National treatment of establishment
When an enterprise establishes itself in the territory of the other party it shall receive a treatment not less favourable than national enterprises; and this also for its operations. Reciprocity not later than end of transition period.
Upon entry into force of EA, P and H companies have access to contract award procedures in the Community under the same conditions as Community companies. Reciprocity not later than end of transition period.
6.Liberalisation of payments and financial transfers
Payments in respect of movement of goods, services, persons between the parties must be authorised in freely convertible currency; Capital transfers in respect of direct investments, repatriation of these investments and of profits therefrom must be authorised.
•agreements between undertaking with a view to restrict or distort competition
•abuse of dominant position
similar to the Rome Treaty rules.
8.Intellectual, industrial, commercial property
Legislation has to be introduced which gives the same protection as in the Community; Europe Agreement countries have to adhere to international conventions.
9.Approximation of laws
EA countries legislation on economic and related issues (incl. environment and social) has to be made compatible with community legislation.
10.Movement of workers
Not free movement but commitments by Member States not to discriminate against legally employed workers and their families. Best endeavours by MS to make further improvements, including allowing more P & H workers.
-assisting P & H•economic restructuring
•achieving competitiveness by end of transition period.
-cover all areas of mutual interests, e.g.: industrial standards, investment promotion, training, science and technology, environment, financial services, social issues, public administration, etc.
-extension of existing cultural co-operation programmes
-promotion audio visual industry in Europe
Continuation of existing support facilities
•loans in support of macro-economic policies
-Association Council at ministerial level
-Parliamentary Association Committee
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Europe Agreements were:
-signed 16 Dec. 91
-ratification by all parties completed Nov 93
-adoption by Council 13 Dec 93
-entry into force 1 Feb. 94